Zvartnots, a complex of structures erected in the middle of the 7th century near Echmiadzin, is of extreme architectural value. The complex consisted of St. Gregory temple or Zvartnots (“vigil forces” or “celestial angels”) and the palace of Catholicos Nerses III, known as “Builder”. Zvartnots, built as Armenia’s main cathedral in 641-661, was to suppress Echmiadzin Cathedral by its grandeur and extraordinary artistic splendor.
This determined by the size of the temple, its layout and spatial arrangement, its structural features and its decoration which emphasizes the central axis of the building and its upward sweep. The building consisted of three polyhedrons with rich ornamentation of outer walls and capitals. Zvartnots collapsed as the result of an earthquake in 930 and was never restored. A few years ago the columns of the first floor were restored. The international airport Zvartnots is only a few kilometers from the area where the “angels have fallen down”.
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